Distinct Appearance of Potato Plants Identified
Potato plants, scientifically known as Solanum tuberosum, are herbaceous perennials that belong to the family Solanaceae. These plants have a distinct appearance that makes them easy to identify. They typically grow to different heights between 1 to 3 feet, depending on the variety and environmental conditions. The stem of the potato plant is smooth, often thick and sturdy, with a purple or green color, depending on the stage of growth.
Potato plant leaves boast compound beauty
The leaves of the potato plant are compound, meaning they consist of multiple leaflets attached to a central leaf stalk. The leaflets are usually oval-shaped, but some varieties may have more elongated or rounded leaflets. The leaves are typically a vibrant green color and have slightly serrated edges. The surface of these leaves can be either smooth or slightly hairy.
Colorful Potato Plants Add Visual Interest
As the potato plant grows taller, it produces small, five-petaled flowers. These flowers can vary in color between white, pink, purple, or blue, depending on the variety. The flowers typically grow in clusters at the end of the stems, creating a beautiful visual display. However, not all potato plants produce flowers; some varieties are bred purely for their tuber production.
Underground potato plants produce edible tubers
Below ground, potato plants form tubers, which are a vital part of their growth and development. These tubers are the edible part of the plant that we commonly refer to as potatoes. Tubers vary in size, shape, and color depending on the variety. They can be round, oval, or elongated, and their skin can range from white to yellow, red, or even purple. The tubers grow underground, attached to the underground stems called stolons.